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(a) Consanguineous Family: This type of family is formed if a nucleus of blood relatives is surrounded by a fringe of spouses.In other words, primary families together with blood relations constitute the consanguineous family.According to Burgess and Locke, “Family is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood or adoption consisting a single household, interacting and intercommunicating with each other in their respective roles of husband and wife, mother and father, son and daughter, brother and sister and creating and maintaining a common culture”. (ii) The relationship between the members of the family is of permanent nature.
This type of family is quite common among the Oraon, Ho and Kharia tribe.
(b) Matrilocal Family: In this type of family the husband goes and lives in the house of the wife after their marriage.
These families are found among the Khasi, Juang, Santhal and Bhuinya.
(b) Joint Family: It is composed of closely related kins or any two or more nuclear families. This type of families are found among several tribes of India.
The matrilocal family is found among Khasi, for example.
(a) Patriarchal Family: In this type of family, the father enjoys supreme power.
(c) Polyandrous Family: It is composed of one woman and more than one husband.
Polyandrous family is of two types – (i) Fraternal Polyandry, (ii) Non-fraternal Polyandry.
(b) Matrilineal Family: The family in which descent is traced through the mother and in which females inherit property is called a matrilineal family.
The Garo and the Khasi families of Assam may be cited as examples of this type of family.