The two-volume book, known as "Jikji," is believed to be the oldest book in the world printed with metal type.
The two-volume book, known as "Jikji," is believed to be the oldest book in the world printed with metal type.Tags: Response To Literature EssaysExamples Of A Definition EssayResume Writing Services Oakland CaAnalytic Rubric Research PaperPros And Cons Of Buying Essays OnlineTopics About Research PaperMobile Food Business Plan TemplateHarvard Research Papers
The Printing Press: Renaissance Invention that Changed the World by A. Shaffer The collaboration of the printing press issued forth a movement of literary zeal and a resurgence of the human capacity to reason.
Physically, the machinery granted man the ability to mass-produce texts in a cost effective way.
A copied manuscript was a work of art that took numerous months to complete.
While a copy of work, handwritten manuscripts were original and unique reproductions.
The printing press attempted to mimic the artistry of copied works by including illuminated initials and hand-drawn rubrics, but “The new craft did not at once cause the collapse of the copying industry; wealthy scholars were at first prejudiced against the use of print, deeming it an unworthy method to enshrine the thoughts of the great” (Chamberlin 166).
The true distaste lay in the wealthy snubbing the thought of the common people experiencing life as grandly as they could, and possibly a fear of knowledge bridging the gap between the classes. Johannes Gutenberg’s contribution to the printing press – movable letters – the canvas itself required updating to better accommodate the costs.Moving from parchment and vellum to processed linen afforded works to be completed en masse: “A cheap, durable and easily produced material was required to match the mass-production capabilities of the printing press, and the printers found it in paper” (Chamberlin 164).Though Sheng himself was a commoner and didn't leave much of a historical trail, his ingenious method of printing, which involved the production of hundreds of individual characters, was well-documented by his contemporary, a scholar and scientist named Shen Kuo.In his 11th-century work, "Dream Pool Essays," Kuo explains that Sheng's movable characters were made out of baked clay.Private printers in these places used both wood and metal blocks to produce Buddhist and Taoist treatises and histories in the centuries before movable type was invented.An important advancement to woodblock printing came in the early eleventh century, when a Chinese peasant named Bi Sheng (Pi Sheng) developed the world's first movable type.In the 14th century, Wang Chen, a Chinese government official of the Yuan Dynasty, independently created his own set of movable characters out of wood.His motivation for developing this new method of printing was the publication of a voluminous series of books on agriculture, titled "Nung Shu.""Nung Shu" was eventually printed in 1313 using tried-and-true woodblock methods, not movable type.Jensen notes the printing press “had a greater effect over a longer period of time and upon more people Some scholars have pronounced it the single most important development of the Renaissance and perhaps of the entire world” (Jensen 217).Since the 12 century, typographers were skilled in using hand-carved wood block plates to copy manuscripts, but the process was long and served only the intended copy.