Essays Urging Ratification Constitution During New York Ratification S

Scenario: New York State’s ratifying convention is set to take place next month (summer of 1788).

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This lesson is designed to impress upon students that the Constitution, a document so revered today, was hotly debated at its inception.

The lesson also asks students to consider what may have shaped the differing viewpoints on the Constitution.

Rivalries were intense; delays in setting up the first elections under the new Constitution were inevitable.

New Jersey, for example, chose direct elections, but neglected to set a time for closing the polls, which stayed open for three weeks.

In New York, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay combined to produce a remarkable series of written arguments for the Constitution -- The Federalist Papers -- and won a narrow vote for approval on July 26. Rhode Island held out until 1790, when its position as a small and weak state hedged in by a large and powerful republic became untenable.

The process of organizing the government began soon after ratification by Virginia and New York.Approval was given by comfortable majorities in Pennsylvania and Connecticut. That state finally conditioned its ratification on the addition of 10 amendments guaranteeing certain fundamental rights, including freedom of religion, speech, press and assembly; a militia instead of a standing army; the right to trial by jury; and the prohibition of unreasonable searches or arrests.(A number of other states added similar provisos, and the 10 amendments -- now known as the Bill of Rights -- were incorporated into the Constitution in 1791.) By late June 1788, Maryland, South Carolina and New Hampshire had given their assent, satisfying the requirement for ratification by nine states. But two powerful and pivotal states -- New York and Virginia -- remained undecided, as did the two smaller states of North Carolina and Rhode Island.Under the Constitution, each state legislature had the power to decide how presidential electors, as well as representatives and senators, would be chosen.Some states opted for direct elections by the people, others for election by the legislature, and a few for a combination of the two.The way was now set for the arduous process of ratification, that is, acceptance by at least nine states.Delaware was the first to act, followed swiftly by New Jersey and Georgia.According to the Constitution, nine of the thirteen states needed to ratify the document before it could go into effect (although most acknowledged that without the support of all the states, the government would struggle with legitimacy).It would take almost three years for all thirteen states to ratify the Constitution. But some of the most powerful states including Massachusetts, Virginia, and New York, became battlegrounds between those who supported ratification of the Constitution, the Federalists, and those who opposed it, the Anti-Federalists.Each group of students will take on an identity and prepare the character’s position on the ratification of the Constitution.At the town hall meeting, each group will work together and argue his/her position in an effort to persuade the delegate.


Comments Essays Urging Ratification Constitution During New York Ratification S

  • Constitutional Progress Constitutional Accountability Center

    America's Constitution is, in its most vital respects, a progressive document. our Constitution to press for a new national charter, which granted Congress broad powers to solve national problems. the Federalist Papers—urging the American people to ratify the Constitution. New York Times headline, February 4, 1913.…

  • The Writing and Ratification of the US Constitution - Federal.

    Signifies that this work is regarded as responsible and valuable. It should be emphasized. York's ratification of the Constitution--their influence on succeeding.…

  • The Federalist Papers - Constitutional Rights Foundation

    A nation without a national government is, in my view, an awful spectacle. The essays had an immediate impact on the ratification debate in New York and in.…

  • AP US Government and Politics Constitution Scavenger Hunt

    In Section 8, the Constitution list or enumerates the powers of Congress. The essays urging ratification during the New York ratification debates were known.…

  • A concise guide to the federalist papers as a source of the.

    Of 85 essays explaining the Constitution and urging its ratification in the State of New York. Madison, and Jay originally published most of the essays in newspapers. That is why authors continue to cite the Federalist Papers, and why.…

  • Federalist Papers published in New York, Oct. 27, 1787 - Politico

    Publius' essays urged New Yorkers to support ratification of the U. S. of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most. The advocates of the newly drafted Constitution held that a central.…

  • U. S. Senate The Federalist

    To gain the necessary support for ratification in New York, and to influence the. of Confederation and urged adoption of the recently drafted Constitution. was to sway public opinion in favor of ratification, but the essays have endured as an. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington premiered at Washington, D. C.'s Constitution.…

  • Alexander Hamilton Writes to Raise the Eleventh Federal Pillar

    On February 7, 1788, Massachusetts ratified the federal constitution. ninth state to ratify, the ninth “pillar, as the phrase now is, to the Federal Temple”, to quote. The essays were originally published individually in New York newspapers. under “solicitation” 2, as “The criminal offense of urging, advising, commanding.…

  • Debates in New York Convention on Ratification of the.

    ON the 1st of February, 1788, the legislature of the state of New York passed a. on the other, the possession of them could not be urged as a fault in the new plan. federal encroachments, and armed with every power to check the first essays. It is true, we have received information that the ninth state has ratified the.…

  • The Debate Over Ratification of the U. S. Constitution The.

    Ratification The People Debate the Constitution, 1787 - 1788 By Pauline Maier. This record is not only a national treasure, it is a world treasure. On July 26, New York ratified by the close vote of 30 to 27, and proposed. abandoned his previous hesitancy and urged ratification with a recommendation.…

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