Literature Review On Obesity

Literature Review On Obesity-23
Technically, "obesity" is the upper end of "overweight." Obesity is clinically diagnosed as: greater than 90th percentile for weight for height; or greater than or equal to the 95th percentile Body Mass Index (BMI), age and sex specific.The gold standard is becoming the BMI, since this is also used Researches studies differ on whether obese consume more energy (calories) than non-obese individuals.

Technically, "obesity" is the upper end of "overweight." Obesity is clinically diagnosed as: greater than 90th percentile for weight for height; or greater than or equal to the 95th percentile Body Mass Index (BMI), age and sex specific.The gold standard is becoming the BMI, since this is also used Researches studies differ on whether obese consume more energy (calories) than non-obese individuals.

Some show they do consume more; others show they may consumer fewer calories.

The big difference may be in the type of nutrients that they consume, such as fat.

Definite conclusions as to the effectiveness of such programmes at preventing overweight and/or obesity are therefore not available.

Without long-term delivery of these interventions, overweight, obesity and unhealthy behaviours are at risk of continuing, which could have both immediate and long term health implications.

Recent studies indicate that such programs may be far from harmless. The results of treatment, as reported in the medical literature of the past 30 years, are first reviewed.

The results of routine treatment of 100 consecutive obese persons in the Nutrition Clinic of the New York Hospital are then reported.Published on: December 10, 2018 doi: 10.17756/jocd.2018-020 Citation: Merrotsy A, Mc Carthy AL, Flack J, Coppinger T. Obesity Prevention Programs in Children: The Most Effective Settings and Components. The current widespread concern with weight reduction rests on at least two assumptions: first, that weight-reduction programs are effective; second, that they are harmless.The present review will examine the importance of the preventive intervention setting; including family based programmes, primary care settings, community settings and primary schools.The review also identifies the most effective components of obesity prevention interventions designed for children, including healthy eating and physical activity (PA).Over 60 determinants were extracted from these publications and were summarized into the following categories: nutritional behavior, physical activity behavior, sleeping pattern, biological determinants and diseases, prenatal and early childhood determinants, psycho-social determinants, food environment, moveability/walkability, setting and social environment, health promotion and prevention, socioeconomic, demographic, and sociocultural determinants.This review demonstrates the complex patterns of childhood obesity determinants in correspondence with a socio-ecological approach.This adverse trend has potentially profound effects on children's health, including their long-term health.The terms "obese" and "overweight" often are used interchangeably.In this paper, we present the results of a systematic literature review on childhood obesity determinants, which was conducted over the course of the implementation of nationwide monitoring. Initially, a search for etiological models of childhood obesity was conducted.Based on these results, a systematic review of reviews on childhood obesity determinants was carried out.

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