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The objective of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of patients with mandibular fractures reporting to our institution and to evaluate the (i) age distribution, (ii) gender predilection, (iii) etiology, (iv) site and side distribution of the fractures, (v) common concomitant fractures of the mandible, (vi) treatment protocol, and (vii) postoperative complications.
Management of the mandibular fractures has evolved with time.
It has come a long way from the initial use of horse hair as interdental wiring tool, to the present-day use of resorbable hardware and custom-made titanium hardware.
The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee.
Only those patients with either isolated or concomitant mandibular injuries operated by a single operating surgeon were included in this study.
Objectives: The objective was to evaluate the age, gender distribution, side and site distribution, etiology, and common patterns of the mandibular fractures.
Materials and Methods: This was a systematic retrospective review of records of 94 patients with 162 mandibular fractures treated in a single institution.
Open reduction and internal fixation was the predominant modality of treatment. Conclusion: Surveys play a vital role in better understanding the biomechanics of the mandible fractures.
Furthermore, analysis of the treatment modalities used and their respective outcomes are of paramount importance in guiding surgeons to evaluate their efficacy.
Of the 100 fractures analyzed, 46% are unilateral fractures and 54% are bilateral.
Sides affected among these are left (58%), right (39%), and symphysis or midline (3%).