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The conclusion is that, contrary to common belief, personal ethics mean little when pitted against authority.Current theories focus on personal characteristics to explain wrong-doing and how someone can intentionally harm others.Page 3-: Introduction Current theories about the topic. Citing those will give you more credibility because good research is thought to be based on other knowledge and empirical (observed) evidence.
Our experiment tested people's obedience to authority.
The results showed that most obey all orders given by the authority-figure, despite their unwillingness.
Many continued to follow orders throughout even though they were clearly uncomfortable.
The study shows that people are able to harm others intentionally if ordered to do so.
The expectation is that very few will keep giving shocks, and that most participants will disobey the order. They were recruited by advertisement in a newspaper and were paid $4.50.
Instruments A "shock generator" was used to trick the participants into thinking that they were giving an electric shock to another person in another room.
In a survey, professionals such as doctors, psychologist and laymen predicted that a small proportion of a population (1-3%) would harm others if ordered to do so.
In the recent war trial with Adolph Eichmann, he claims to only have been “following orders". Can people harm others because they are merely obeying orders?
Can people be ordered to act against their moral convictions?
The experiment will test whether a person can keep administering painful electric shocks to another person just because they are ordered to do so.