The significance is in the finding of common themes across the literature, which tend to confirm the broad applicability of Ives’ description of a “mountain problematique” [: Geographic specificity is important in understanding mountain poverty and most of the literature reviewed here focuses on specific geographic areas and the local determinants of poverty.
However this review takes a comparative perspective in order to examine whether mountainous environments also have a general effect on child poverty.] two decades ago is intensifying.
Any article or report, published or unpublished, which revealed anything about a relationship between mountainous environments and the condition of children was included.
Documents that simply mentioned that the study took place in a mountainous environment or did not engage with the question of how the mountainous context impacted on children’s wellbeing were excluded from the review.
The selection was limited to studies in English written since 2000, both to provide a contemporary view and because of limited resources.
Documents which met the eligibility criteria were selected for review by reading the abstract and, where necessary, scanning the entire document.