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Those views led to him being prosecuted and put to death by poison.Should he have been killed for teaching what he believed to be true?
The execution of an elderly man for holding unpopular opinions would never be approved in modern times, and it should not have been carried out in ancient Greece.
This sample humanities essay reflects on the execution and death of Socrates, as told by his student Plato.
He seemed interested in showing Socrates in a more favorable light than his detractors.
Because of Plato’s obviously high regard for his mentor, many scholars suspect that in his Apology, Plato failed to disclose some of the most compelling evidence of Socrates’ guilt.
Anyway, the Socratic Problem usually only arises in the dialogues that Plato wrote, not accounts.
Plato did use Socrates as a "character" for delivering his own philosophical treatises as well as some of Socrates'."He [Socrates] regarded the charges as wholly unjustified; he claimed to reform and improve both his own moral outlook and other people's.He devoted his life to cross-examining other people about virtue; he urged them to pay attention to their souls...The Apology At the trial for his life in 399 BC, Socrates defense is recounted in Plato's Apology.Here Socrates appeared, despite his lengthy defense, not to acquit himself from all accusations, but rather to deliberately ensure that he would be found guilty and thus condemned to death.He pushed ahead with an unprecedented building program designed not only to demonstrate the glory that was Greece, but also to ensure full employment and provide opportunities for wealth creation among the unpropertied class.The rebuilding of the Acropolis and the construction of the Parthenon were the two best know of Pericles many ambitious building projects.and say to me: Socrates, this time we will not mind Anytus [a prosecutor], and will let you off, but upon one condition, that you are not to inquire and speculate in this way any more, and that if you are caught doing this again you shall die; - if this was the condition on which you let me go, I should reply: Men of Athens, I honor and love you; but I shall obey God rather than you, and while I have life and strength I shall never cease from the practice and teaching of philosophy..." Socrates died for a noble cause: the belief that one should never change their beliefs because of their fear of death.He chose to give up his life as an example for generations after as he declares to the jury, "Wherefore, O men of Athens, I say to you, do as Anytus bids or not as Anytus bids, and either acquit me or not; but whatever you do know that I shall never alter my ways, not even if I have to die many times" This is why Socrates meant to be prosecuted, he was not afraid of death, and believed if he died for a noble cause it was justified.If Socrates were to choose an ordinary good over the just course of action he would be choosing an action that is bad for him, and he refuses to do this; this is why he refuses to propose an alternative to the death penalty." Thus, Socrates chooses to accept his fate and, doing so, secures his place as "the greatest hero in the history of philosophy." Socrates' primary concern in life was arete `excellence', not in the Sophistic sense of practical efficiency in public life, but as moral excellence of soul, that is, virtue. Becker, eds., Encyclopedia of Ethics (New York: Routledge, 2001), 1623. Alex_J commented, on February 27, 2008 at a.m.: Interesting Read and Well Written But as this is an account by Plato of Socrates,how much do we know is true or not about the beliefs of Socrates - Daniel Marrow commented, on February 28, 2008 at p.m.: It is true that we cannot be 100% sure of what Socrates said himself as Plato wrote The Apology.This belief sets the foundations for ethics and philosophy, that Socrates died, not in vain, but for that which he most valued: the pursuit of virtue. However, as this is an account of a well known event, we can be sure that it is accurate (many other of Socrates' friends were present and Plato is less likely to have written something different when there were other people who witnessed the speech).